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Temporary Committee on Foot and Mouth Disease

16 September 2002


Conclusions of the rapporteur

Temporary Committee on Foot and Mouth Disease Rapporteur: Wolfgang Kreissl-Dörfler (Read in full)

Control of FMD in third countries

48. Systematic preventive vaccination is practised in many countries where FMD is endemic.

In recent years, emergency vaccinations in conjunction with extensive culls have rapidly eradicated the disease in Albania (1996), Korea and South Africa (2000), Uruguay (2001) and finally in the Netherlands (2001).

49. The way in which Uruguay tackled FMD in 2001 demonstrates the considerable positive aspects of emergency vaccination without subsequent slaughter in the event of a widespread outbreak, although local conditions there are not comparable to those in the EU.

Thanks to mass vaccination of 10 million cattle, accompanied by transport restrictions, the disease was eradicated within 15 weeks. Only just under 7000 animals were slaughtered. The human impact was limited and the cost of eradicating the disease (vaccines, disinfection, compensation for farmers) totalled only USD 13.6 m.