Received with grateful thanks Nov 8 2007 from Sabine Zentis

Bluetongue in Europe

1) Numbers of outbreaks available from official sources as of today :
 
The website of the German Ministry has been updated today, there are 17.701 holdings confirmed of being infected with BTV 8.
51 cases have been confirmed in wildlife.
http://www.bmelv.de/cln_044/nn_753008/DE/07-SchutzderTiere/Tierseuchen/Blauzungenkrankheit/Blauzungen-FaelleDeutschland2007.html__nnn=true
 
The UK confirmed 61 cases
http://www.defra.gov.uk/animalh/diseases/notifiable/bluetongue/latest/index.htm
 
In Belgium 5463 farms are declared infected
http://www.favv-afsca.fgov.be/crisis/sa-blueT/doc07/2007-11-07_KAART_v51.pdf
 
For France, Luxembourg and the Netherlands no updated numbers are available.
 
The latest list of restriction zones and a map is published on the EU website as is the latest ADNS table
 
http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/diseases/controlmeasures/bt_restrictedzones.pdf
http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/diseases/controlmeasures/BlueTongue_RestrictedZones.jpg
http://ec.europa.eu/food/animal/diseases/adns/table_11_2007/adns_021107_en.pdf
 
2) BTV 8 UK- RFI
 
The following is copied from the news section of the Farmers Weekly website
http://www.fwi.co.uk/Articles/2007/11/07/108042/stock-and-science.html

Are you surprised by the arrival of the bluetongue virus?

Bluetongue has been expected for a long time, partly for the wrong reason. The midge which has transmitted it around the Mediterranean is very temperature-dependent and was moving northwards so, in the fullness of time with global warming, it was expected to arrive, bringing Bluetongue with it. In fact the virus we have is not the same as that occurring in southern Europe - there are unanswered questions about this.

Will our winter kill it off?

The crucial factor will be temperature - it needs an average temperature of 12C year-round. We are not absolutely certain if it is a question of the midges surviving or the virus surviving in infected animals and in doing so harbouring a reservoir of virus for midges the next year.

 
The answers were given by Prof. Hugh Pennington
http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/aboutus/bcs/members/?hugh_pennington
 
This statement gives the impression that C. Imicola is involved in BTV 8 transmission in the UK. I should be grateful to learn whether recent vector surveys have shown the presence of C. Imicola in the outbreak regions.
 
08.11.2007
 
Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health (SCFCAH)
Meeting 6/7. November 2007
Presentations of member states regarding the Bluetongue situation have been published on the EU website
http://ec.europa.eu/food/committees/regulatory/scfcah/animal_health/presentations_en.htm#67112007
 
Agriholland :  36.537 holdings in Europe are affected by BTV 8
 
http://www.agriholland.nl/nieuws/artikel.html?id=82967