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EU Council Directive.pdf

Article 78

Expert Group

1. Member States shall create a permanently operational expert group, which is composed of epidemiologists, veterinary scientists and virologists in a balanced way, to maintain expertise in order to assist the competent authority in ensuring preparedness against an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease....arrangements shall be detailed in the contingency plans referred to in Article 72.

Article 78

Expert Group

1.          Member States shall create a permanently operational expert group to maintain expertise in order to assist the competent authority in ensuring preparedness against an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease.

2.           In case of a suspicion of an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease the expert group shall at least:

(a) evaluate the clinical picture and the epidemiological situation;

(b) give advice regarding the sampling and analyses needed for diagnosing the foot-and-mouth disease together with the additional actions and measures to be taken.

3.           In case of an outbreak of foot-and-mouth the expert group shall at least:

(a) conduct at least in the index case and if necessary on the spot, an evaluation of the clinical picture and an analysis of the epidemiological inquiry in order to collect the necessary data for determining the following:

(i) the origin of the infection;

(ii) the date of introduction of the infectious agent;

(iii) the possible spread of the disease.

(b) report to the Chief Veterinary Officer and the national disease control centre;

(c) give advice on screening, sampling, test procedures, control and the other measures to be applied and on the strategy to be implemented;

(d) follow up and guide the epidemiological inquiry;

(e) amplify the epidemiological data with geographical, meteorological and other necessary information;

(f) analyse the epidemiological information and perform risk assessments at regular intervals;

(g) assist in ensuring that the disposal of animal carcasses and animal waste is done without causing any harm to the environment.