From the OIE website - an important new scientific review of FMD:


Foot and mouth disease:
facing the new dilemmas

G.R. Thomson (ed.)

Scientific and Technical Review
21 (3), December 2002

) David Stuart & Liz Fry, Oxford University


Few will forget the images of soiled cattle and sheep carcasses being mechanically manoeuvred into huge piles, bonfires billowing black smoke and enormous pits containing thousands of carcasses which resulted from the outbreak of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in the United Kingdom in 2001. The harrowing stories of the psychological and economic effects of the ‘stamping-out’ on rural communities added to the horror. What made it worse was the contention that it was all unnecessary. Vaccines, it was argued, could have been used to eradicate the disease more effectively without adverse environmental effects. On the other hand, the UK at that time was very concerned with maintaining access to international markets for its livestock and livestock products bearing in mind the insatiable and unsentimental search of world markets for cheaper and safer food.

The major question now is what can and should be done in the future to avoid this approach to controlling epizootic animal diseases which is unacceptable to the public?

This compendium of 42 papers, while not providing an explicit answer to this simple but multifaceted question, attempts to provide the reader with the facts on the various interacting issues and the answers that need to be found in improving the management of such situations in future. Because there are no simple solutions there are differing opinions which, to some extent at least, are reflected by the views of different authors.

Papers are devoted to the behaviour and impact of FMD in different regions of the world – one of the reasons why it presents a truly global problem, its economic effects in both the developed and developing worlds as well technical issues relating to the epidemiology and control of the disease. Environmental impacts of control measures, farming perspectives and animal welfare are also addressed.

This volume will be of value to veterinarians and other animal health professionals, particularly those involved in management of emergency animal diseases, agricultural economists, consumers, environmentalists involved in farming issues and those concerned with the impacts of animal disease on farmers and their livelihoods as well as the animals themselves.

ISBN 92-9044-568-8
ISSN 0253-1933
498 pp.
Format: 21 W 29.7 cm
Price: €45 (postage included)
Ref.: R 21-3


A sample of the contents:

P. Sutmoller & R. Casas Olascoaga
Unapparent foot and mouth disease infection (sub-clinical infections and carriers): implications for control
R.P. Kitching
Identification of foot and mouth disease virus carrier and subclinically infected animals and differentiation from vaccinated animals
R.S. Morris, R.L. Sanson, M.W. Stern, M. Stevenson & J.W. Wilesmith
Decision-support tools for foot and mouth disease control
S.J. Barteling
Development and performance of inactivated vaccines against foot and mouth disease
M.J. Grubman & P.W. Mason
Prospects, including time-frames, for improved foot and mouth disease vaccines
D. Thompson, P. Muriel, D. Russell, P. Osborne, A. Bromley, M. Rowland, S. Creigh-Tyte & C. Brown
Economic costs of the foot and mouth disease outbreak in the United Kingdom in 2001
E. Correa Melo & A. Lspez
Control of foot and mouth disease: the experience of the Americas
J.M. Scudamore & D.M. Harris
Control of foot and mouth disease: lessons from the experience of the outbreak in Great Britain in 2001
F.H. Pluimers, A.M. Akkerman, P. van der Wal, A. Dekker & A. Bianchi
Lessons from the foot and mouth disease outbreak in the Netherlands in 2001
S.C. Rossides
A farming perspective on the 2001 foot and mouth disease epidemic in the United Kingdom
C.J. Laurence
Animal welfare consequences in England and Wales of the 2001 epidemic of foot and mouth disease
J.M. Scudamore, D.G. Pritchard & G.M. Whitmore
Comments on the paper: ‘Animal welfare consequences in England and Wales of the 2001 epidemic of foot and mouth disease’
S.M. Crispin, P.A. Roger, H. O’Hare & S.H. Binns
The 2001 foot and mouth disease epidemic in the United Kingdom: animal welfare perspectives
R.P. Kitching
Future research on foot and mouth disease

Alan Beat writes: 

Our comment:  We have yet to see these papers, but draw your attention to the third and fourth from the end of the list above.  Having read the summary of each paper (you can read these on-line by clicking each title link) it appears that C J Laurence has criticised UK control policy on animal welfare grounds - but then Jim Scudamore and co-authors have countered and attempted to discredit these claims in the same publication.  
Yet another illustration of the Delphi technique ....
See Alan Beat's full comment in his newsletter number 74 - available from smallholders online