>Ref the arms for food 'piece' on your website.
I thought you would like to see that in exchange for arms we are going to get meat vaccinated against FMDv from Thailand....if this report from the OIE dating back to February 1997 is anything to go by !
thanks to immunisation of animals with vaccines produced in Asia (a new vaccine laboratory is being built in Thailand) or imported from Europe
It is worthy of note that FIVE years ago SE Asia was using "new diagnostic techniques" which could tell the difference between vaccinated and infected animals..............makes nonsense of the lies that drop from the mouths of our government and what they think they have as "best scientific advice" !!
Application of biotechnology to animal disease surveillance and vaccine control. The new diagnostic techniques (immunoenzyme tests, monoclonal antibodies, genetic analyses, etc.) are now widely used in Asia. They have led to significant progress, especially in the rapid detection of outbreaks of infectious diseases and in the distinction between vaccinated and infected animals. Furthermore, the use of new-generation vaccines (sub-unit or recombinant) offers particularly interesting prospects in the fight against rinderpest, Aujeszky’s disease and poultry diseases.
This might make Beckett, Morley and Whitty splutter just a little about their reluctance to vaccinate and witter on about the public acceptance of such meat.
Ref Site : http://www.oie.int/eng/publicat/press/a_970228.htm

Press Release of 28 February 1997


The Office International des Epizooties (OIE) and the FAO/IAAE(1) organised the Third Meeting of the OIE Sub-Commission for Foot and Mouth Disease in South-East Asia, which was held in Manila (Philippines) from 24 to 28 February 1997.

Opened by the Minister of Agriculture of the Philippines and the Director General of the OIE, the meeting was presided over by Professor U. Kihm (Switzerland) and Dr A. Hassan (Malaysia).

The purpose of this meeting was to review the status of foot and mouth disease in the region and to assess progress, already made or planned, towards eradication.

According to reports presented by delegations from the sixteen participating countries, the disease is still present at variable incidence in most South-East Asian countries, notably Bangladesh, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Vietnam. Foot and mouth disease causes direct losses equivalent to more than a quarter of the production of cattle, buffalo and pig farming, and major indirect losses for agriculture, from a shortage of working cattle in the rice fields.

A recent survey presented at Manila showed that 1.598 of a population of 2.036 cattle and buffaloes contracted the disease during 1996, and 154 died, entailing a loss of 36.000 US dollars for the 514 families in Cambodia that owned these animals.

However, much progress has been achieved in controlling the disease, thanks to immunisation of animals with vaccines produced in Asia (a new vaccine laboratory is being built in Thailand) or imported from Europe, and thanks to the widespread use of enzyme immunoassay (the ELISA test) for diagnosis and surveillance of foot and mouth disease, coordinated by Dr M.H. Jeggo of IAEA.

Thanks to this vaccination, some areas have already been freed or protected from the disease. The Philippines hope to eradicate the disease soon from Luzon Island, where it is present among pigs.

A major coordinating task has to be accomplished in order to protect disease-free areas from reinfection from adjoining countries, particularly through illegal imports of livestock (amounting to over 400.000 within the region, according to a report presented at Manila).

A plan for control/eradication of foot and mouth disease in South-East Asia was presented by Dr Yoshihiro Ozawa, Regional OIE Representative for Asia and the Pacific. This plan will take twelve years and comprises three stages: strengthening of the capacity of national veterinary services for surveillance and control, then simultaneous mass vaccination in all countries involved, and finally a slaughter policy for infected animals in residual foci.

This plan, approved by APHCA(2) and ASEAN(3) , has received the support of the FAO, IAEA and the World Reference Laboratory for Foot and Mouth Disease at Pirbright (United Kingdom). It has already received important financial contributions from Australia, Japan, Switzerland and Thailand.

The OIE Sub-Commission for Foot and Mouth Disease in South-East Asia has recommended that, in order to speed up implementation of the plan, the urgent establishment of a regional coordinating unit in Bangkok (Thailand) staffed by an expert from Thailand (Dr Ab Kongthon) and two expatriate experts.

(1) FAO/IAEA: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, and the International Atomic Energy Agency

(2) APHCA: Regional Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific

(3) ASEAN: Association of South-East Asian Nations


The economic impact of foot and mouth disease and its control in South-East Asia: a preliminary assessment with special reference to Thailand

B.D. Perry, W. Kalpravidh, P.G. Coleman, H.S. Horst, J.J. McDermott, T.F. Randolph & L.J. Gleeson

Rev. sci. tech. Off. int. Epiz., 1999, 18 (2), 478-497


A pilot study of the economic impact of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in the countries and region of South-East Asia is described. Previous economic impact assessments are reviewed and summarised and a synthesis of these contributions is constructed. A framework for the future economic impact of the disease is then developed, incorporating analyses at the sectoral (production system), national and regional levels. Data requirements for such studies are also identified. Integrated epidemiological and economic models for impact assessment were developed and applied to the case study country of Thailand.

The models were used to evaluate the economic viability of FMD control programmes in the country.

Scenarios evaluated include the effect of improving vaccination coverage and thus reducing productivity losses, and the effect of eventual eradication of the disease. The results indicate that economic returns to the high expenditures incurred in FMD control could be achieved in the short term if greater international trade in pork products was made possible and export prices higher than those in the domestic market could be attained.

If FMD were to be eradicated from Thailand in 2010, the eradication would be economically viable, even without exports, with a predicted benefit-cost ratio of 3.73. With additional exports, the economic justification for control becomes much stronger with a benefit-cost ratio of up to 15:1 being achieved. If eradication is not achieved until 2020, returns remain positive without exports, but at a lower rate. The authors propose that the integrated epidemiological and economic models developed be applied to other countries of the region to gain a more accurate insight into the future benefits of FMD control and eradication in the region.


Animal health – Benefit-cost ratio – Cost-benefit analysis – Economic impact assessment – Economics – Foot and mouth disease – South-East Asia – Thailand.


What an incompetent bunch of no hopers we have in DEFRA and Noo Labour.