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International Animal
Health Code - 2001

PART 2
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SECTION 2.1.
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CHAPTER 2.1.1.
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Contents
? - Index


 

 

CHAPTER 2.1.1.

FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE

Article 2.1.1.1.

For the purposes of this Code, the incubation period for foot and mouth disease (FMD) shall be 14 days.

For the purposes of this Chapter, ruminants include animals of the family of Camelidae.

For the purpose of international trade, this chapter deals not only with the occurrence of clinical signs caused by FMD virus (FMDV), but also with the presence of infection with FMDV in the absence of clinical signs.

The following defines the occurrence of FMDV infection:

1) FMDV has been isolated and identified as such from an animal or a product derived from that animal, or

2) viral antigen or viral RNA specific to one or more of the serotypes of FMDV has been identified in samples from one or more animals showing clinical signs consistent with FMD, or epidemiologically linked to a confirmed or suspected outbreak of FMD, or giving cause for suspicion of previous association or contact with FMDV, or

3) antibodies to structural or nonstructural proteins of FMDV that are not a consequence of vaccination, have been identified in one or more animals with either epidemiological links to a confirmed or suspected outbreak of FMD, or showing clinical signs consistent with recent infection with FMDV.

Standards for diagnostic tests and vaccines are described in the Manual.

 

Article 2.1.1.7.

Recovery of free status

1) When an FMD outbreak or FMDV infection occurs in an FMD free country or zone where vaccination is not practised, one of the following waiting periods is required to regain the status of FMD free country or zone where vaccination is not practised:

a) 3 months after the last case where a stamping-out policy and serological surveillance are applied, or

b) 3 months after the slaughter of the last vaccinated animal where a stamping-out policy, emergency vaccination and serological surveillance are applied, or

c) 6 months after the last case or the last vaccination (according to the event that occurs the latest), where a stamping-out policy, emergency vaccination not followed by the slaughtering of all vaccinated animals, and serological surveillance are applied, provided that a serological survey based on the detection of antibodies to nonstructural proteins of FMDV demonstrates the absence of infection in the remaining vaccinated population.

2) When an FMD outbreak or FMDV infection occurs in an FMD free country or zone where vaccination is practised, one of the following waiting periods is required to regain the status of FMD free country or zone where vaccination is practised:

a) 6 months after the last case where a stamping-out policy, serological surveillance and emergency vaccination are applied, provided that a serological survey based on the detection of antibodies to nonstructural proteins of FMDV demonstrates the absence of infection, or

b) 12 months after the last case where a stamping-out policy is applied,

provided that effective surveillance has been carried out.

The application to regain the free status according to one of the procedures described above should be submitted to the OIE by the country in question within 2 years of the occurrence of the first FMD outbreak or the first detection of FMDV infection, otherwise the provisions of either Article 2.1.1.2., or Article 2.1.1.3., or Article 2.1.1.4., or Article 2.1.1.5., as relevant, are applicable to the country.