See full EU FMD Directive (September 2003) in the pdf file
CRITERIA FOR THE DECISION TO APPLY PROTECTIVE VACCINATION AND GUIDELINES FOR THE EMERGENCY VACCINATION PROGRAMMES
1. CRITERIA FOR THE DECISION TO INTRODUCE EMERGENCY VACCINATIONTaking into account the additional criteria in point 2, emergency vaccination shall be introduced, if for more than two consecutive days:
(a) infected herds on holdings referred to in Article 10 cannot be stamped out within 24 hours after the confirmation of the disease, and
(b) the pre-emptive killing of animals likely to be infected or contaminated cannot be safely carried out within less than 48 hours.
2. ADDITIONAL CRITERIA FOR THE DECISION TO APPLY PROTECTIVE VACCINATION
Criteria Decision For vaccination Against vaccination Population density of susceptible animals High Low Clinically affected species Predominantly pigs Predominantly ruminants Movement of potentially infected animals or products out of the protection zone Evidence No evidence Predicted airborne spread of virus from infected holdings High Low or absent Suitable vaccine Available Not available Origin of outbreaks (traceability) Unknown Known Incidence slope of outbreaks Rising rapidly Shallow or slow rise Distribution of outbreaks Widespread Restricted Public reaction to total stamping out policy Strong Weak Acceptance of regionalisation after vaccination I Yes No
3. CRITERIA FOR THE DEFINITION OF DENSELY POPULATED LIVESTOCK AREASWhen deciding about the measures to be taken in application of this Directive, and in particular the measures provided for in Article 52 (2), Member States shall in addition to a thorough epidemiological assessment consider the provisional definitions of densely populated livestock areas (DPLA) for the relevant species of susceptible animals predominantly kept in the area in question and use the definition which is the more stringent.
The provisional definition may be modified in the light of new scientific evidence in accordance with the procedure referred to in Article 89 (2).
4.1. Porcine animals:In the case of pigs a DPLA is a geographical area with a radius of 10 km around a holding containing susceptible animals suspected of or infected with foot-and-mouth disease, where there is a pig density higher than 800 pigs per km 2 .Theholdingin question must be situated either in a sub-region as defined in Article 2 (s) where there is a density of pigs higher than 300 pigs per km 2 orata distance ofless than20 km from such a sub-region.
4.2. Bovine animals:In the case of bovine animals a DPLA is a geographical area with a radius of 10 km around a holding containing susceptible animals suspected of or infected with foot-and-mouth disease, where there is a cattle density higher than 1000 head per km 2 . The holding in question must be situated either in a sub-region as defined in Article 2 (s) where there is a density of cattle higher than 450 head per km 2 or at a distance of less than 20 km from such a sub-region.